The program’s namesake, Ryan White, was an Indiana teenager who contracted the disease in1985 from a blood transfusion. Ryan White spent the last of his years as a public advocate forHIV research and awareness. Because of his efforts, the Ryan White CARE Act was enacted byCongress in 1990 in response to the growing HIV epidemic, and the need to improve theavailability and quality of healthcare for low-income, uninsured and under insured PLWH. The law,which has been reauthorized four times (1996, 2000, 2006 and 2009), establishes funding forRyan White programs called “Parts”. Part A grant awards are issued annually to eligiblemetropolitan areas (EMAs) and transitional grant areas (TGAs), who are most disproportionatelyimpacted by HIV.
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